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Bihar - Nalanda
Nalanda
 
Accessibility :
Nearest Airport - Patna (90km.App.)
Rail- Bakhtiarpur (on Patna Hawrah main line).Nalanda ( on Bakhtiarpur -Rajgir branch line)
Road - well connected with all major cities and the state capital
 
Accommodation: BSTDC Hotel /Private unclassi­fied hotels / Dharmshala etc. at Rajgir (ll kms. approx)
 
Strolling down the steps of Nalanda is like stepping back into a delightful and near forgotten era. Here lies ruins of the world renowned university of Nalanda. The structural remains at Nalanda belong to 5th-12th centuries. This vast residential university provided scholarly pursuits to about 10 thousand students under thousand teachers from different part of Asia.
 
Excavated remains reveal stups, a large stair, lecture halls, dormitories, meditation centres, wells etc.
 

The famous Chinese traveller Hieun Tsiang spent years at Nalanda and has left a vivid description of the university. Nagarjuna Mahayana Philo - sopher, Dinnaga - founder of the school of logic and, Dharmpal - the Brahmin scholar taught here. King Harshwardhan gifted 25 mtr. high copper image of the Buddha and Kumargupt of the Gupt dynasty endowed a college of fine arts here.

 

The archaeological museum at Nalanda contains a number of statues and other remains of the university's exceptional significance. The Nav Nalanda Mahavihar, 2 Kms from the ancient ruins, is a modern institute. It houses many rare Buddhist manuscripts.

 
Places Of Interest
 
Ruins Of The University Complex
 
The total area of excavation is about 14 hectares. The ruin contains a number of Buddhist stups and chaityas, monasteries, hostels, cells or rooms on four sides with a central courtyard, lecture halls and amphitheateres.
 
Archaeological Museum
 
Opposite the entrance to the ruins of the university and houses, it has a small but beautiful collection of Buddhist and Hindu bronzes and a number of undamaged statues of the Lord Buddha that were found in the area. Two enormous terracotta Jars of the first century stand intact behind the museum in a shaded enclosure. The collection includes copper plates and stone inscriptions, coins, pottery and samples of burnt rice (12th century AD) found among the ruins here. Open during 10.00 to 17.00 hours. Closed on Friday.
 
Nav Nalanda Mahavihar
 
In keeping with the ancient tradition to Nalanda, the Govt. of Bihar has established a Pali Postgraduate Research Institute known as Nav Nalanda Mahavihar.
 
Hieun Tsiang Memorial Hall
 
Constructed in memory of the 5th century Chinese traveller.
 
Bargaon
 
There is a Sun temple and a lake.
 
Silao
 
A small village situated between Nalanda and Rajgir on the road side is famous for 'Khaja', a very popular sweet.
 
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Most Popular Places to       see in Bihar
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  • »Aurangabad
    -------------------------------
  • »Bodhgaya
    -------------------------------
  • »Champran
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  • »Muzaffarpur
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  • »Nalanda
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  • »Patna
    -------------------------------
  • »Sasaram
    -------------------------------
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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