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  Climate and Weather in India

India is a vast country that has tropical weather with variations from region to region. India possesses unique geology and geography, which has influenced the climate and weather of the country. Each different place in India is known for its unique weather. As you can fly in the space of a couple of hours through a range of weather from the cold crisp air of the mountains to the burning dry heat of the Rajasthan Desert where summer temperature regularly reach 45°C and beyond.

Coolest weather lasts from December to February, with cool, fresh mornings and evenings and dry, sunny days. Really hot weather, when it is dry, dusty and unpleasant, is between March and May. Monsoon rains occur in most regions in summer between June and September.
The tourists can experience the magical and enchanting weather of India during the India tour. But the perfect time to enjoy touring in India is during the months of October to March. This is because the weather remains very pleasant. In fact, the weather in winter also varies from place to place. In the northern parts of India, the weather of the place remains pleasant during winters. While the weather in eastern Himalayas remains very cool in winter season due to heavy snowfall.
In the central parts of India, the weather becomes very pleasant after the arrival of monsoon between the months of June and September. While the weather of the southern parts of India remains hot and humid throughout the year. During the months of April and July, the southern parts of India receive heavy rainfall and so during this period the weather of the place becomes very pleasant for touring.
The countries of world can be divided into different climatic zones. India, being a vast country does not fit into any one climatic zone. Situated roughly between 8° N and 37° N Latitude, it occupies a large area of South Asia. It can be divided mainly into four climatic zones namely Alpine, Subtropical, Tropical and Arid.
Alpine Zone: This climate zone can be experienced in the high altitudes of Himalayas. In this region there are high climatic fluctuations due to steep altitude variations. Different types of climatic zones can be seen in this region. If on the foothills occur subtropical climate there is Alpine Tundra Zone to greet you on the higher altitudes.
Sub Tropical: This zone is prevalent in most of the northern part of India. It can be called as the typical Indian climate. Summers are hot and wet while in winter temperature may drop down to freezing point in higher ranges. Rainfall is common in summer season whereas winters are cold and dry.
Tropical: It can be divided into two sub types viz, Tropical Wet Monsoon and Tropical Dry. The characteristics of Tropical Wet Monsoon include average temperature, which normally does not fall below 18° C, accompanied by average to high rainfall. In Tropical Dry type rainfall is not so common.
Arid: High temperature and low rainfall are marked features of this climatic zone. It is prevalent in western part of the country and includes large part of Rajasthan. The temperature in this zone may shoot up to as high as 50° C in summer.
Average Temperature and Climate
 • The average temperature in India is 25.3 °C (77 °F).
 • The highest monthly average high temperature is 41 °C (106 °F) in May.
 • The lowest monthly average low temperature is 7 °C (45 °F) in January.
 • India's climate receives an average of 715 mm (28.1 in) of rainfall per year, or 60 mm (2.3 in) per month.
 • On average there are 57 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation).
 • The driest weather is in November when an average of 1 mm (0.0 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurrs across 1 days.
 • The wettest weather is in July when an average of 211 mm (8.3 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurrs across 14 days.
 • The average monthly relative humidity ranges from 25% in April & May to 73% in August.
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